A beam engine is a type of steam engine where a pivoted overhead beam is used to apply the force from a vertical piston to a vertical connecting rod. This configuration, with the engine directly driving a pump, was first used by Thomas Newcomen around 1705 to remove water from mines in Cornwall. The efficiency of the engines was improved by engineers including James Watt who added a condenser, Jonathan Hornblower and Arthur Woolf who compounded the cylinders, and William McNaught (Glasgow) who devised a method of compounding an existing engine. Beam engines were first used to pump water out of mines or into canals, but could be used to pump water to supplement the flow for a waterwheel powering a mill.
The rotative beam engine is a later design of beam engine where the connecting rod drives a flywheel, by means of a crank (or, historically, by means of a sun and planet gear). These beam engines could be used to directly power the line-shafting in a mill. They also could be used to power steam ships.
A Canon EOS 5D MkII with a Canon 16-35mm L-series lens set at 16mm was used on a Manfrotto 303SPH head. The spherical panorama was stitched together with PTGui Pro. This panorama was shot with available light at 1/5 second @ f11 in RAW mode with an ISO of 400 on the Canon EOS 5D MkII. I processed all of the images in the RAW conversion software Adobe Camera Raw 7.1.3.
Apple Safari iOS devices: built-in web browser Android Tablets, Mobiles:Google Chrome strongly recommended. Warning: Panoramas are big pictures. Insufficient RAM may cause your browser to quit unexpectedly!
For some panoramas made before 2009:
Quicktime VR plugin, which is part of Quicktime 7
Note: Most Panoramas will work on most mobile and desktop devices. Some contributions may require Flash, some will only work with Quicktime VR.
PLEASE RESPECT THE ARTIST’S WORK. All images are copyright by the individual photographers, unless stated otherwise. Use in any way other than viewing on this web site is prohibited unless permission is obtained from the individual photographer. If you're interested in using a panorama, be it for non-profit or commercial purposes, please contact the individual photographer. The WWP can neither negotiate for, nor speak on behalf of its participants. The overall site is copyright by the World Wide Panorama Foundation, a California Public Benefit Corporation.