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Jim Smoother

Wollongong Botanic Gardens

Norman Shapiro

Kukaniloko Birthstones

Near the town of Wahiawa, island of Oahu, Hawaii, USA

around noon HST

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© 2004 Norman B. Shapiro, All Rights Reserved.

Caption

Beginning with the birth of Kapawa in the 1300's, or possibly earlier, Kukaniloko became recognized as the royal birthsite on O'ahu. Birth at Kukaniloko assured a child highranking status and the privileges of this status. It also maintained the purity of the royal lineages which gave chiefs their godly status and the right to be leaders.

The birth of the child at Kukaniloko was witnessed by 36 chiefs. Then, the child was taken to the nearby waihau heiau called Ho'olonopahu where purification rites and the cutting of the umbilical cord were overseen by 48 chiefs. Beating of the sacred drums at Ho'olonopahu announced the royal birth.

Kukaniloko was used as a royal birthsite into the 17th Century. Several renown chiefs, such as Ma'ilikukahi and Kakuhihewa were born here. The rein of these chiefs was marked by good deeds, peace, and prosperity.

Location

Pacific Ocean / USA-Hawaii

Lat: 21° 29' 48.5" N
Long: 158° 1' 38.6" W

→ maps.google.com [EXT]

Precision is: Unknown / Undeclared.

OpenStreetMap: © OpenStreetMap contributors

Equipment

Taken with a Nikon F3 w/motor, 20mm lens, Fuji color negative film, homemade camera mount on Bogen #3414 Panoramic Head on Bogen #3502 Leveller, stitched with QTVRAS.
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