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(July 1 - September 30, 2014)

Richard Wall

Lock Ridge Iron Furnace

Andrew Varlamov

Vyborg Old Cathedral

Vyborg, Russia

September 18, 2014, 06:10 UTC (10:10 local time)

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© 2014 Andrew Varlamov, All Rights Reserved.

Vyborg Old Cathedral is the oldest building in Vyborg, but today only some parts of its walls and the Clock Tower remain. The parish of Vyborg was established during the Third Swedish Crusade around the year 1293. There were several wooden churches the last one was destroyed by Novgorodians in 1411. The construction of stone-made cathedral was began in 1430s and in was completed around 1445.

During the centuries the Vyborg cathedral was first Catholic, then Lutheran and during the Russian order also an Orthodox church. Peter the Great ordered to renovate it for Orthodox worships in 1720. In 1805 it was remodified as a magazine. In 1913 the cathedral was again restored and after the Independence of Finland it was moved once again Lutheran church. In the Winter War (1940) the aerial bomb hit the church and only walls survived.

The bell, which you hear, was donated for Vyborg by Catherine the Great after a fire in 1793.

Links for home reading:
Behind the scene : other ruins which I would like to show
Although I had shot the panorama during shooting period, I could not process it in time. Let me introduce my first panorama shot according to museum restrictions without tripod - Thomas Hirschhorn’s “Abschlag” installation for Manifesta 10.

The next citation from orange pocket guide of Manifesta 10 describes the scene:

"On the occasion of its 250th anniversary, the Hermitage Museum invited Manifesta to research the role and notion of contemporary art in historical museums in the twenty-first century. At the same time, Manifesta is celebrating its twentieth year of existence. These two iconic moments combine to provide a wonderful opportunity for critical reflection on how contemporary art plays a role in our world today, as compared to the role it played for Catherine the Great, 250 years ago" - reported Hedwig Fijen, Director of Manifesta, and Mikhail Piotrovsky, Director of the State Hermitage Museum, on page 22.

And further on page 116 - "ABSCHLAG is the title as well as the form of Thomas Hirschhorn's project in the inner courtyard of the new General Staff Building. It means that an important part of a whole - such as facade of an architectural oeuvre - has been cut off. In this sense it opens the formerly invisible and forgotten inside up to the eye with its remnants of living spaces, wallpapers, and dangling lamps. In its two plastic dimensions - the vertical of the still-standing, cut open building, and the horizontal one in the form of collapsed walls, floors, and fallen bricks on the ground that have to be bypassed - ABSCHLAG references revolutionary Russian Constructivists Kazimir Malevich, Pavel Filonov and Olga Rozanova commitment to and fighting for artistic truth".

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